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HP-UX Fundamentals

This course is an extensive introduction to the UNIX® operating system and how to use its many commands and utilities. It also covers the standard UNIX system file editor and basic shell programming. This course is the foundation and prerequisite for most other courses in HP Education’s Tru64 and HP-UX curricula. The 5-day course is 60 percent lecture and 40 percent hands-on labs using HP servers.


  • Prepare for our HP-UX system administration and software development courses
  • Learn to use your UNIX system effectively and save time by automating tasks with shell programs
  • Customize your UNIX system to meet your individual needs
  • Learn how to use the full capabilities of your system through hands-on lab exercises

System administrators, network administrators, software developers, programmers, operators, and technical users

General computer literacy

Introduction to UNIX

  • UNIX structure and capability overview
  • UNIX history
  • UNIX standards


Logging in and general orientation

  • Logging in and logging out
  • Viewing online man pages
  • Executing basic UNIX commands


Navigating the file system

  • UNIX File system layout concepts
  • Absolute and relative pathname concepts
  • Navigating and viewing directories with cd, pwd, and ls
  • Creating and removing directories with mkdir and rmdir
  • Searching directories with find


Managing Files

  • File concepts
  • File characteristics
  • Viewing files with cat, more, head, and tail
  • Printing files with lp, lpstat, and cancel
  • Managing files with cp, mv, ln, and rm


File permissions and access

  • UNIX file permission concepts
  • Managing file permissions with chmod and umask
  • Managing other attributes with chgrp, chown, and touch
  • Changing user and group identities with su and chgrp


Introduction to the vi editor

  • Editing files with the vi editor


Shell basics

  • Shell features
  • Shell types
  • Using command aliasing
  • Using command line recall and editing
  • Modifying TERM, PATH, and other environment variables


Shell advanced features

  • Defining local and environment variables
  • Variable substitution
  • Alias substitution
  • Command substitution
  • Tilde substitution


File name generation

  • File name generation character concepts
  • File name generation characters: ?, [], and *



  • Quoting concepts
  • Quoting characters: ,”, ‘


Input and output redirection

  • Redirecting standard input, standard output, and standard error
  • Using sort, wc, and grep filters



  • Shell pipeline concepts
  • Using tee, cut, tr, more, and pr filters


Network services

  • Local Area Networks (LANs)
  • Hostnames
  • Testing connectivity: ping
  • ARPA services: telnet, ftp
  • Berkeley services: rlogin, remsh, rcp
  • Secure shell Services: ssh, scp, sftp


Process management

  • Process overview
  • Listing processes with ps
  • Starting processes in the background with “&”
  • Starting processes in the background with nohup
  • Moving jobs to the background and foreground with bg and fg
  • Prioritizing processes with nice
  • Terminating processes with signals
  • Terminating processes with kill
  • Scheduling processes with cron and crontab
  • Scheduling processes with at


Introduction to shell programming

  • Writing simple shell programs
  • Using environment variables in shell scripts
  • Using positional parameters in shell scripts
  • Using read in shell scripts


Shell programming branches

  • Using if and case constructs for conditional branching
  • Using and generating return codes
  • Using string, integer, and file tests


Shell programming loops

  • Performing arithmetic in the shell
  • Shell script while loops
  • Shell script until loops
  • Shell script for loops


Offline file storage

  • Creating and using tar archives
  • Creating and using cpio archives
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